The Top Elements That Make Abstract Art So Interesting

Art is a wide concept. It can encompass all aspects of human culture, from purely visual (painting, sculpture, drawing, and more) to music, architecture, film, dance, performance and fashion.

Today, let's explore one of the most intriguing types of art—abstract art. Abstract art is the art of shapes and forms without the reality of objects. It can be very colourful, but it is all based on ideas, not the artist's perception of reality.

Though there are some loose interpretations when defining abstract art, it can roughly be understood as any artwork that doesn’t overtly refer to something more literal. Of course, this definition is far from definitive. It’s a good starting point for understanding the idea of abstract art.

Let’s examine some main elements that make this art so interesting. Here's what you need to know:


The shapes are the building blocks of abstract art, with the most important part being that the image has no real subject. The shapes in abstract art don't reference anything real. Instead, they form a new idea.

No beaches, mountain ranges, apples, or human body exists. Instead, these images are all about the organisation and design of shapes, colours and lines, all interacting in a way that creates a feeling of tension and harmony.


The lines are the next important element of abstract art. Lines can be straight, they can be curved, they can be thin, or they can be thick. They can be single or multiple lines forming a pattern or even random patterns.

These lines are not always visible; there are many times when the artist uses them to create an effect on the viewer, but the lines are always there.


The colours are where abstract art is abstract. The colour doesn't have to be visible, it could be an idea of colour, or it could be only a suggestion of colour, such as a black line on a white board.

There can be no colour or only one colour; the colours can be bright and vibrant or very muted. This all relies on the artist. There is no right or wrong in the use of colour.


The texture is an essential part of abstract art; it gives the work texture and depth and is often an integral part of what makes it powerful. There are many ways to create texture in an artwork. The artist can use the elements of lines and shapes. The artist can use different undertones in the colours. The artist can use shapes and lines to create patterns. It’s all up to the artist.

Concept and Story

Abstract art doesn't necessarily have a concept or story behind it, but there are times when the artist might be inspired by something beyond the viewer's understanding.

If you’re the artist creating the work based on a specific concept or idea, there is a concept or a story behind the work. Abstract art is all about great design, creatively using colours and lines to form patterns and give the work depth.

The Bottom Line

Abstract art is an exciting type of art that can inspire, challenge, and make the viewer think. It can transport the viewer to a different place, and it’s great for expressing emotions and feelings that cannot be explained in any other way.

If you’re a viewer of abstract art, take a moment to look at the artwork and the form, the colours and the lines, the textures and the emotions.

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