Beauty, Function, Strength: 5 Architecture Styles in History

As societies create history in time, most aspects of culture follow—one of which is architecture. Aside from being a standard in designing houses and other buildings, architecture is one of the most apparent yet unnoticed time capsules. Therefore, as we look through history and the past, what are the top architectural styles societies have adapted in the past? Here are some examples.

  1. Classical

 The Romans are the most famous of great classical architects, who said, “the glory that was Greece and Rome’s grandeur.” The architecture of ancient Rome in the classical period is still considered a standard in architecture by many.

 As Rome’s power expanded, they began to copy the styles of the Greek architects, from which the architectural style of classical Rome was derived. The dominance and glory of Rome came from its architectural superiority over its enemies.

  1. Gothic

The medieval period was when architecture was not just about pleasing the eye but also about serving specific purposes. For example, the famous Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris was primarily built as a church, people’s burial ground, and an all-in-one community centre.

The Gothic Period is also known as the period of impressive cathedrals and gothic architecture, which was a revival of classical architecture during the 13th century. However, the gothic style also has a lot of Gothic elements, such as pointed arches and the verticality. 

  1. Renaissance

 The renaissance period is also known to have the first Renaissance style, which is the revival of classical architecture. The period itself was a time of bursts in new human achievements, including arts, science and literature. Revivalism became one of the main characteristics of the Renaissance period of architecture.

One of the most striking features of the renaissance style is the symmetry and unity in the design of the building. The interiors and the façades were willing to express various classical elements with no extravagance and few ornaments. In addition, the Renaissance style is also known for its excessive use of columns and pillars.

  1. Art Deco

 Art deco, a product of the time of Jazz and Art Deco, was a product of the growing influence of modernism in the 1920s. As the name implies, art deco is an art style and a form of design known for its use of chrome and bold colours.

As a product of the time, the art deco style was a lot more extravagant and overstated. The art deco style is also known for its geometric shapes, including its line drawings' symmetry and irregularity.

  1. Contemporary

Contemporary style can be said to be the most contemporary style of architecture. It is a style of architecture that focuses on the present. The main characteristic of modern architecture is its simplicity, making contemporary buildings look very open and welcoming.

The contemporary style is also known for combining old and modern elements in one building. For example, the designs of the new Apple headquarters in Cupertino, California, also include details from the old Apple headquarters.


Architecture is a discipline that focuses on the design of the structure of a building and designing the interior and the exterior. Therefore, in history, many types of architecture have been created and adapted. In the past, a lot of time and energy was devoted to creating majestic and incredible architecture, which have since become a symbol of the power and the glory of great empires.

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